Dextrose Monohydrate (DMH)

Dextrose Monohydrate (DMH)
Dextrose Monohydrate (DMH)

Dextrose Monohydrate is moderate in sweetness.

Dextrose Monohydrate is also known as “Glucose Powder”.

It is 65-70% as sweet as sucrose and has a solution, which is much less viscous than Liquid Glucose.

DMH is freely soluble in water at room temperature and also in boiling alcohol.

Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder” has a greater depression of freezing point than that of cane sugar, resulting in a smoother and creamier texture of the final product like in frozen food products.

Food Application:

  • Bakery Products: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/DMH has several functional purposes in yeast-raised foods, such as Bread and Buns. The primary purpose is to supply fermentable carbohydrates, on which the yeast may grow and provide CO2 for ‘raising’ the product. Its presence also assists in browning of the crust to give a final product that is pleasing in appearance and aroma.
  • Biscuits: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH can partially replace sucrose in fondants and cream fillings where fine crystals are required for a smooth texture.
  • Alcoholic Beverages: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/DMH has a high fermenting ability and can be added to low-calorie beer for the complete fermentation of alcohol. No carbohydrate residue remains to increase the calories in the beverages.
  • Canned Products: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH is used in canned vegetables and fruits in some instances for controlling sweetness and preserving properties.
  • Energy Foods/Drinks :Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH is used as energy food by convalescing patient, sportsperson, children etc. and known to give instant energy and vigour.
  • Confectionaries: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH is used extensively for sweetening and coating, chewing gum and bubble gum. DMH improves the color and gloss of the gum coatings and its high heat of solution gives a cool texture in all gum and candy coating applications.DMH contributes to the tenderness; whip ability, and sweetness in marshmallow and nougat applications.
  • Meat Industry: The presence of sugar (particularly reducing sugar) in the curing mixture has a direct bearing on the quality of the color obtained at the end of cure.
  • Frozen Desserts: Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH can help control ice crystals and body of frozen dairy products.
  • Other Applications: Jams, Jellies, Preservatives, Peanut Butter, Seasoning, Pickle, Vinegar Fermentation, etc.

Dextrose Monohydrate / “Glucose Powder”/ DMH is used as a preservative as it doesn’t alter the natural flavor of the food, especially compared to using sugar, another useful preservative.

Industrial Application:

  • Adhesives: DMH provides flow control and helps prevent wrapping of the pieces upon drying.
  • Resin Formulation: DMH can serve as a plasticizer in various resin formulations.
  • Gluconic Acid: DMH can serve as feedstock for chemical or microbiological oxidation to gluconic acid.
  • Building Materials: DMH can be used in wallboard as a humectant to control water release and to prevent brittle edges during drying, as setting retardants in concrete.
  • Other Applications: The Reducing Properties of dextrose are used in metal treatment, recovery, dye applications, leather manufacture in chrome tanning, etc. DMH is used as carbohydrate sources in fermentations to produce a variety of industrial, food and pharmaceutical products.